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Kidney Stone : Causes and Symptoms

Kidney Stone:

                                   Kidneys are very important for the human body. Every year, more than 50,000 people in the world die of various kidney diseases, due in large part to the lack of kidney donors. There are a lot of kidney diseases but one of major disease is kidney stone. Diet extra weight and diet can cause kidney stone . There are other causes but these are major causes. A crystalline  solid is made up in kidney or urinary tract which causes troubles to human following can be  symptoms of Kidney Stone.

Kidney Stone Symptoms:

Eyes swollen:

One of the earliest symptoms of kidney failure is swelling around the eyes, indicating that a large amount of protein is being excreted from the kidneys through the urine. If this happens, the body gets adequate rest and protein and still the process of swelling around the eyes continues, then a doctor should be consulted.

High blood pressure:

Circulation and the kidneys are interdependent, the kidneys filter the waste and excess fluid in the blood, and if the arteries are damaged, the part of the kidney that filters blood does not get oxygen and nutrients. This is why hypertension is the second leading cause of kidney failure.

Changes in urine color:

The kidneys are responsible for making urine and excrete waste through it. If the smell, color, etc. of the urine changes, never ignore it. Changes such as excessive urination, especially at night, bleeding or foaming at the mouth, etc.


Kidney failure or kidney failure causes back pain that is usually felt under the right side of the ribs. This pain can also be felt in the hips. Back and leg pain can be a sign of accumulation in the kidneys. Kidney failure can be accompanied by back pain, fever, nausea and increased urination.

Difficult to sleep:

When the kidneys fail to function properly, the toxins are not excreted from the body through the urine and remain in the blood, increasing the level of these substances, making it difficult to sleep and causing insomnia. Is. Similarly, kidney patients may have difficulty breathing during sleep and if a person suddenly starts snoring, he should consult a doctor.

Muscles stiffness:

Decreased kidney function leads to electrolyte imbalance, for example low calcium levels and out of control phosphorus lead to muscle stiffness.

Muscles stiffness:

Decreased kidney function leads to electrolyte imbalance, for example low calcium levels and out of control phosphorus lead to muscle stiffness.

Headache, fatigue and physical weakness:

If the kidneys are working properly, they work to strengthen the bones in the body with vitamin D as well as make a hormone EPO, this hormone plays an important role in increasing red blood cells, if the kidneys suffer from problems. However, the amount of EPO decreases, which leads to a decrease in red blood cells, which causes sudden fatigue, headaches and physical weakness in the body and brain. Keep in mind that anemia is common in kidney disease.

Heartbeat disorder:

If the kidneys are damaged, the amount of potassium in the body starts to increase which manifests in the form of abnormally fast heartbeat.

Dry and itchy skin:

As mentioned, the kidneys work to cleanse the body of waste, increase the level of red blood cells, and keep the body at a reasonable level. Dry and itchy skin is a sign that the kidneys are not maintaining the right balance of minerals and nutrients. If your skin is getting dry and itchy, you should drink as much water as possible and consult a doctor before taking any medicine for itching.

Heartburn or vomiting:

If a large amount of waste accumulates in the body, nausea or vomiting often occurs. In fact, this is the result of the body's attempt to get rid of the accumulated material, nausea and loss of appetite. Yes, if this happens for a while then the body weight decreases very fast.

Changing the smell and taste in the breath:

When waste begins to accumulate in the blood, the taste of food changes and a metallic or metallic taste remains in the mouth. Similarly, bad breath is a sign of accumulation of toxic substances in the bloodstream. In addition, it reduces or eliminates the desire to eat or eat meat, resulting in unexpected weight loss. By the way, there can be many reasons for the change in the taste of the mouth and the problem goes away with the general treatment, however, if it persists despite the treatment, you should consult your doctor.

Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing:

There is a link between kidney disease and shortness of breath, especially after a little physical activity. There are two reasons for this, one is the accumulation of excess fluid in the lungs due to non-functioning of the kidneys, the other is the lack of blood which leads to lack of oxygen in the body which results in shortness of breath. If you have difficulty breathing even after doing a little work, you should see a doctor immediately as it can be a sign of asthma, lung cancer and heart failure apart from kidney.

More or less urinating:

Because the kidneys are necessary for urination, when they have a disease, most people want to urinate but do not come, while there are some people who go to the washroom more than usual. Yes, this problem forces many people to wake up at night.

Swelling of the ankles, feet and hands:

When the kidneys fail to excrete excess fluid from the body, the accumulation of salts leads to swelling of the ankles, legs and hands. ۔ Many times the use of medicines reduces salt and excess fluid which stops the swelling, however if this does not help then the doctor should be advised to change the treatment.

Kidney Stone Causes:


If someone in your family has kidney stones, it is possible that you may also have kidney stones. At the same time, if you have a kidney stone, the risk of developing another increases.


Doctors say that most people suffer from kidney stones in summer, especially those who live in hot climates and sweat a lot. The more you sweat, the less you will urinate, especially when you are drinking insufficient water.
Dehydration causes uric acid in the urine to dissolve and the pH of the kidneys to drop, leading to an increase in acidity and kidney stones. It is important to use more salt to prevent it. Doctors recommend drinking 8 to 12 glasses of water a day, especially on hot summer days. Juices rich in squash and other types of vitamin C can help prevent stone formation.
Strait in the urine is said to prevent calcium from binding to other substances that cause the formation of stones. At the same time, doctors warn against using sugary soda as these things can help in the formation of stones and advise to avoid foods with high sugar.


If your diet contains large amounts of protein, sodium and sugar but is low in calcium, you may be at higher risk for certain types of kidney stones.

It happens that too much sodium in your diet increases the amount of calcium that your kidneys need to filter and thus clearly increases your risk of developing kidney stones.

Doctors recommend eating more fruits and vegetables and using a moderate amount of dietary calcium (too much or too little can help with the formation of stones).

It is also advisable to limit the consumption of meat to 10 to 12 ounces a day and in some cases to avoid foods with high levels of oxalate, such as spinach.


Living a sedentary lifestyle, obesity, being overweight, overweight, and overweight increase your risk of developing kidney stones. This risk is also increased by high blood pressure and conditions that affect the absorption of calcium in the body.

Medical conditions:

If you have had gastric bypass surgery or have had a bowel movement, or chronic diarrhea, you have a higher risk of developing kidney stones as these conditions can cause changes in your digestion.
This affects the absorption of calcium and water in your body, so the level of substances in the urine that cause stones to form increases.
Kidney stones are also linked to heart disease, type 2 diabetes and high blood pressure, as well as certain medications and urinary tract infections.


The use of certain medications can increase the risk of developing kidney stones. Scientists believe that some medications commonly prescribed to treat seizures and migraine headaches may increase the risk of calcium phosphate (type) stones.
According to some studies, fluoridated water is also responsible for some types of kidney stones.
Scientists have discovered a link between calcium and vitamin D supplements and the risk of developing kidney stones as they increase the level of calcium in the blood and urine.
Doctors recommend not using more than the instructions for 800 international units of vitamin D and 800 to 1200 mg of calcium supplements per day.
It is not yet clear which of these two supplements are bad, but long-term use of these supplements may lead to increased excretion of calcium in the urine and an excess of calcium in the blood, which can lead to kidney stones. Let's pave the way.
People who have been using these supplements for a long time should consult a doctor and have their blood and urine levels checked.

Source: This Info is collected from Dawn news and other websites on internet. 


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