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Blood Cancer Symptoms and Treatment

Blood Cancer:

Blood cell production and function are affected by blood cancer. Blood is produced in the marrow, where most of these cancers originate. Three types of blood cells that mature and develop from bone marrow stem cells are red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets.

The uncontrolled increase in an abnormal type of blood cell interrupts the process of normal blood cell development in most blood cancers. The functions of the blood, such as fighting infections and preventing serious air extraction, are restricted by these abnormal cancer cells (o).

Three main types of blood cancer
Blood cancer can be commonly divided into three types
:
1) Leukemia
2) Lymphoma
3) Myeloma

A factor named lymphocyte is a type of white blood cell that fights infection. Lymphocytes which are abnormal converted lymphoma cells, which multiply and surround in both lymph nodes and other tissues. Gradually, the immune system is worsened by these cancer cells.

Leukemia:

Rapid production of abnormal white blood cells causes a type of leukemia called cancer, found in the blood and marrow. Leukemia can be acute or chronic. Immediate treatment is required for chronic leukemia, which progresses slower than acute leukemia.

Many patients with acute leukemia have successfully responded to treatments. In chronic leukemia, cells tend to divide slowly due to better treatment with targeted therapies. Participation in a clinical trial offers access to experimental therapies for some patients, so it is always good to talk to the doctor and find out whether or not to assemble a clinical trial for yourself.
Leukemia is classified as lymphocytic or myelogenous. Lymphocytic leukemia means the abnormal increase in the cell that turns into lymphocytes in the marrow, which are a type of white blood cell that plays a role in the immune system. The abnormal cell growth that occurs in the marrow that matures later in the white blood cells is called myelogenous leukemia.

The four major classifications of leukemia are:

Acute myelogenous leukemia

Chronic myelogenous leukemia


Acute lymphocytic leukemia


Chronic lymphocytic leukemia

Leukemia can occur in adults and children. Leukemia symptoms can vary depending on your type and setting, and include headaches, enlarged liver and spleen, fever, molds, night soreness and other flu-like symptoms, bone pain, weight loss, paleness, red spots on the skin, swollen pin-head head tonsils, swollen or bleeding, gums, weakness, and fatigue.

Lymphoma:

Lymphoma affects the lymphatic system and results in the excessive removal of fluids from the body and the production of immune cells. The two categories of lymphomas are Hodgkin lymphoma and non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Hodgkin lymphoma is found in people with lymphoma that is about 12%. Once considered fatal, it has now been transformed into curable condition thanks to breakdown research.
Most non-Hodgkin lymphomas are B lymphocyte lymphomas, which are capable of growth rapidly (high-grade) or slowly (poorly). Non-Hodgkin lymphoma of the B lymphocyte are of 14 types. The remaining are T lymphocyte lymphomas that are named after a different cancerous white blood cell, or lymphocyte.

Symptoms of lymphoma include fever, weight loss, shortness of breath or chest pain, rash, itchy skin, weakness and fatigue, softening, and swollen lymph nodes in the neck, armpits, or meeting edge.

Myeloma:

Plasma cell cancer is myeloma. The disease and infection and bacteria fighting antibodies are produced in the body by white blood cells known as plasma cells. The normal production and function of red and white blood cells are affected by the multiplication of myeloma cells. Kidney damage can be caused by an abnormally high amount of these dysfunctional antibodies in the bloodstream.

Myeloma cells are known to produce a substance capable of causing bone destruction, resulting in fracture or pain. The soft tissues inside the bones are the medulla, where myeloma cells are produced. In the body, myeloma cells travel through the bloodstream and sometimes get encircled by other bones. It is generally referred to as multiple myeloma, because it occurs frequently at many sites in the cord.

Symptoms and signs of myeloma are anemia (reduced red blood cell count), kidney damage (kidney failure), hypercalcemia of weight loss (excessive calcium in the blood), susceptibility to infection, osteoporosis, bone pain, swelling or bone fracture, and high protein levels in the blood and / or urine. Myeloma occurs more frequently in men who are exposed to radiation, work in oil-related industries, are over the age of 50, and are obese.

The following are the options available to treat myeloma: chemotherapy, immunomodulators (drugs that target specific areas of the immune system), and drugs to treat anemia, radiation therapy, stem cell transplantation, and participation in a trial Clinic, which offers access to experimental therapies for some patients. It is good to talk to the doctor and find out if clinical judgment is the right option to follow when diagnosed with myeloma.

Symptoms caused by low blood cell levels:

Most of the signs and symptoms of ALL are the result of deficiencies of normal blood cells, which happens when leukemic cells displace normal blood-producing cells in the bone marrow. These deficiencies are manifested in blood tests , but can also cause symptoms, including:

Feeling tired
Weakness
Dizziness or lightheadedness
Difficulty breathing
Pale skin
Infections that don't go away or recur
Bruises (or small red or purple spots) on the skin
Bleeding, such as frequent or severe nosebleeds, gum bleeding, or heavy menstrual bleeding in women
General symptoms
ALL patients often also have several non-specific symptoms that may include:

Weightloss
Fever
Night sweats
Loss of appetite
Of course, these symptoms are not only caused by ALL, and are more often caused by a condition other than leukemia.

Swelling in the abdomen

Leukemic cells can accumulate in the liver and spleen, causing these organs to enlarge. This can be noticed as fullness or swelling of the abdomen or feeling full after eating only a small amount of food. Generally the lower ribs cover these organs, but when they are enlarged the doctor can feel them.

Enlarged lymph nodes

ALL that spreads to lymph nodes that are close to the body's surface (such as on the sides of the neck, in the groin, or in armpit areas) can be noticed as masses under the skin. Swelling of the lymph nodes inside the chest or abdomen can also occur, but it can only be detected by imaging studies, such as CT or MRI.

Bone or joint pain

Sometimes leukemia cells build up near the surface of the bones or inside the joints and this causes pain in the bones or joints.


Propagation to other organs
Less often, ALL can spread to other organs:


If ALL spreads to the brain and spinal cord it can cause headaches, weakness, seizures, vomiting, balance or numbness problems, or blurred vision.
ALL can spread within the chest, where it can cause fluid buildup and trouble breathing.
In rare cases, ALL can spread to the skin, eyes, testicles, ovaries, kidneys, or other organs.
Symptoms from an enlarged thymus
The ALL T-cell subtype often affects the thymus, which is a small organ located in the middle of the chest, behind the sternum (chest bone), and in front of the trachea. The enlarged thymus can compress the trachea, causing coughing or shortness of breath.

Blood cancer treatment and therapy options:

Blood cancer treatment depends on the type of cancer, age of patient, speed of cancer increasing, where the cancer has spread and other factors. Some common treatments for blood cancer include:

Stem Cell Transplantation: 

A stem cell transplant infuses healthy blood-producing stem cells into the body. Cells can be collected from the bone marrow, circulating blood and blood.

Chemotherapy:

Chemotherapy uses antacid drugs to stop and stop the growth of cancer cells in the body. Blood cancer chemotherapy sometimes involves finding several drugs in a fixed system. This treatment can also be given before a stem cell transplant.

Radiation therapy:

Radiation therapy can be used to kill cancer cells or relieve pain or discomfort. It can also be given before a stem cell transplant.

Source is collected from (news.medical.net)(cancercentre.com) and other websites on internet


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