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Diabetes:Types,Symptoms, Causes


Diabetes is a lifelong medical condition that kills millions of people each year and can affect anyone.
This disease occurs when the body is unable to dissolve the sugar (glucose) in it and add it to the blood. This complication can lead to heart attack, stroke, blindness, kidney failure and amputation of legs and feet. Danger may arise.
It is a rapidly growing problem and affects an estimated 422.2 million people worldwide. According to the World Health Organization, that number is four times higher than 40 years ago.
In Pakistan alone, about 1.5 to 200,000 people become disabled due to diabetes every year. According to a recent study, one out of every four people in Pakistan suffers from diabetes and this number is increasing rapidly.
Not only that, but diabetes is the eighth leading cause of death in Pakistan and the number of people affected by it has increased by 50% compared to 2005.
Despite these risks, few percent of people with diabetes are unaware that a change in daily routine can improve many things.

What causes diabetes?

When we eat food, our body converts starch (carbohydrates) into sugars (glucose), after which the hormone insulin, which is produced in the pancreas, directs the cells of our body to get energy. So absorb this sugar
Diabetes occurs when insulin is not produced in the right amount or does not work, it causes sugar to start accumulating in our blood.

How many types of diabetes are there?

There are many types of diabetes. In type 1 diabetes, the pancreas stops making insulin, which causes blood sugar to build up in the bloodstream.
Scientists do not know the exact cause, but they believe it may be due to a genetic effect or a viral infection that causes the pancreas to produce insulin-producing cells. 1 out of 10 people have Type 1 diabetes.In type 2 diabetes, the pancreas either does not make enough insulin or what it makes does not work properly. This usually happens in middle-aged and older people. However, the disease can also affect young, overweight, sedentary people and people of a particular race, especially South Asians.Some pregnant women develop gestational diabetes when their body is unable to make enough insulin for them and their baby.
Different studies estimate that six to 16 percent of women develop gestational diabetes. They need to control their sugar levels through diet and exercise to prevent them from becoming type 2 insulin.
People can now be diagnosed with elevated blood glucose levels and at increased risk of developing diabetes.

Diabetes Symptoms and Prevention:

Diabetes is one of the fastest growing diseases in the world and it would not be wrong to call it a silent killer as it is a disease that can lead to many diseases and surprisingly 25% of people with type 2 diabetes often suffer from it. Do not know
There are some symptoms in case of this disease which suggests that you should get your check-up done so that in case of diabetes, its effects can be prevented from progressing.
So learn about such silent symptoms.

Going to Toilet again and again:

When you have diabetes, your body does not do much better in converting food into sugar, which increases the amount of sugar in the bloodstream and causes the body to pass it out through the urine, ie to the toilet. There is more to be done. However, most people with the disease are not aware of this silent symptom and do not pay attention to it. It may be normal to go to the toilet once or twice, especially at night, but you need to focus on this as the number increases and your sleep is affected.

Feeling more thirsty than usual:

Excessive urination makes you feel more thirsty and can be a danger sign if people with diabetes want to quench their thirst with juices, cold drinks or milk. These sugary drinks increase blood sugar levels so that the thirst never goes away

Unusual Weight loss:

Weight gain is considered a risk factor for diabetes, but weight loss can also be a sign of the disease. According to medical experts, weight loss is due to two reasons, one is dehydration (due to excessive urination) and the other is the inability of the body to absorb the calories found in the blood sugar. Experts say that when people start to control their blood sugar when they know they have diabetes, it can lead to weight gain, but this is a good thing because it means that blood sugar levels are high. Balanced.

Feeling tired and hungry:

It is not uncommon for diabetics to suddenly experience a feeling of hunger and an immediate desire for a diet high in carbohydrates. According to experts, when a person's blood sugar level is too high, it becomes a problem for the body to regulate glucose, as a result of which when you consume a diet rich in carbohydrates, the amount of insulin in the patient's body increases. However, the level of glucose rises immediately, resulting in a feeling of weakness and a desire to use sugar, and this cycle continues.Of course, fatigue affects everyone, but having it all the time can be a major sign of diabetes. In the case of diabetes, food fails to increase energy in the body and lack of energy as required leads to fatigue and lethargy. Similarly, in type 2 diabetes, the feeling of fatigue prevails even when the sugar level goes up and down.

Mood swings or irritability:

When your blood sugar is out of control, you don't feel good about anything, in which case the patient is more likely to become irritable or suddenly angry. In fact, high blood sugar shows symptoms such as depression, such as fatigue, not feeling well around, avoiding going out and wanting to sleep all the time. In such a situation, it is better to get tested for diabetes first instead of depression, especially when the mood suddenly becomes pleasant because when the blood sugar level is normal, the patient's mood automatically returns to normal.

Fading in Looking:

In the early stages of diabetes, the lens of the eye cannot focus fully on the scene because the amount of glucose in the eye increases, which temporarily changes its structure or shape. In six to eight weeks, when the patient's blood sugar level stabilizes, the blurred vision disappears because the eyes adapt to the physical condition and in such a case, a diabetes check-up is necessary.

Delay in healing wounds or scratches:

The immune system and processes that help heal wounds do not work effectively when blood sugar levels rise, resulting in wounds or scratches healing longer than usual and this is also a major symptom of diabetes.

Can I Avoid Diabetes?

Diabetes is largely dependent on genetic and environmental factors, but you can keep your blood sugar at a reasonable level with a healthy diet and active lifestyle.The first step is to avoid processed desserts and beverages and use pure flour instead of white bread and pasta.
Refined sugars and grains are low in nutrients because they are rich in vitamins. For example, white flour, white bread, white rice, white pasta, bakery items, soda drinks, sweets and breakfast cereals.
Healthy foods include vegetables, fruits, seeds, and grains. It also includes healthy oils, fruits and fish oils with omega-3s.
It is important to eat from time to time and to stop eating when you are hungry.
Exercise also helps lower blood sugar levels. In the UK, the NHS recommends doing at least two and a half thick aerobics a week or taking brisk walks or climbing stairs.A healthy body weight helps keep sugar levels low. If you want to lose weight, do it slowly, that is, half a kilo or a kilo a week.
It is also important that you do not smoke and keep your cholesterol levels low to reduce the risk of heart disease.
What are the complications of diabetes?
High blood sugar can damage blood vessels.
If the blood does not flow properly in the body, it cannot reach the organs where it is needed, which can lead to nerve damage, which can lead to loss of pain and sensation. There may be an infection in the legs.
The World Health Organization says diabetes is the leading cause of blindness, kidney failure, heart attack, stroke and amputation.

Source :This info is taken from different websites on Internet


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